Something tells me this one may be controversial, especially to ‘white’ nationalists and other such people. However, I focus on uncommon knowledge so I ignore such objections…
Europeans are people native to Europe. This sounds simple enough but it’s more complex than most realise, partially because the definition of Europe has changed over the centuries. Most people think of it as a clearly defined and distinct continent, but serious geographers know better. Even just looking at a world map will tell you the truth – Europe is nothing but the far western side of Asia. Its division from Asia is political and ‘racial’, not geographical. All other continents are divided by bodies of water, but Europe is done by the Ural mountains which goes through western Russia, and even that is still debated. Funnily enough, few seem to have mentioned completely rejecting the notion of a division, though some have proposed renaming the two Eurasia. Though this term is now fairly common among geographers and the like most ordinary people have never heard of it so it will likely never catch on.
|Location of the Ural mountains, the generally agreed-on division between Asia and Europe.Not very impressive from this view.|
Furthermore, there was a time when the people we currently call Europeans (ie. ‘white’ people) didn’t exist anywhere. Since at least 1,200,000 years ago the entire world was populated by ‘black’ people (and not ‘black’ people as we define them now, but specifically by dark to darkest-skinned people, and maybe medium as well) until a certain point in time, currently thought to be about 55,000 years ago. However, they weren’t as ‘white’ as we would think of now; that was more like light-skinned and there’d have been a greater variety of tones. They’re what we see now as the light-medium skin tones among the world’s non-‘white’ population. This is because skin colour (as well as hair & eye colour) are controlled by different types of the pigment melanin, and each of those are controlled by multiple genes & genetic expressions.
The different types of melanin are black eumelanin (which isn’t actually black, just very dark brown. That’s why no-one has literally black skin), brown eumelanin & phaeomelanin (a kind of golden-orange colour).
‘Whiteness’ as we know it is even more recent – between 6,000 and 12,000 years old. Out of the 1,200,000 (at least) years of human existence that’s miniscule, even insignificant. It arose through a mutation to the SLC24A5 gene.
On a slight diversion, it’s believed it was within this time frame blue eyes first came to exist, though through a completely unrelated mutation believed to have arisen about 6-10 millennia ago. That mutation (of the HERC2 gene, which controls the adjacent OCA2 gene which codes for P protein which controls melanin production) is believed to have come about from a single individual, most likely a man, because almost all blue-eyed people share this exact same mutation. That man, whoever he was, was effectively the common ancestor of all blue-eyed people on Earth. However, considering that the vast majority of genetic knowledge is based on ‘white’ Europeans that most likely didn’t take these ones into account...
The conventional explanation for why this light/pale skin “evolved” is to maximise vitamin D production in less sunny climates. It’s conventionally believed that in certain latitudes & climates, dark skin blocks solar UV rays so strongly people can’t make enough vitamin D to stave off rickets & other skeletal diseases. However, this explanation is inadequate because:
1 – it doesn’t explain how the original ‘black’ people of Europe were able to survive for so many millennia beforehand without needing light skin,
2 – as I explained in another post, it’s now been shown that skin colour has no real correlation to vitamin D production.
(This is just my opinion, not researched anthropological fact, but it seems most reasonable to think ‘white’ people are basically just albinos. About 2/3 of their genes came from Asians [whether this means south or east I’m not sure. Their facial features tend to mostly resemble south but they’re believed to have a common genetic ancestor with present-day east Asians so I’m inclined to think both], the rest from Africans. Again I’m not sure exactly which ones. On top of that, there are groups in Asia like the Pakistani Kalash who, because of heavy past inbreeding, produce a high degree of albinos. Those albinos are visibly indistinguishable from modern-day ‘white’ people.
However, one could then ask why ‘white’ people come in different colours? Well, albinos all over the world come in different colours! Not all have snow white hair, pink eyes, alabaster skin & bad eyesight; that’s just a more extreme form. And there are different types of albinism; ocular only affects the eyes while oculocutaneous affects eyes, skin & often hair too. See pictures below for differing degrees of albinism…)
|Tanzanian albino child with distinctly brown hair|
|Another African albino child, with blond hair & green eyes|
|Albino Indian boy, with blond hair & blue eyes|
|Ginger-haired albino lady with green eyes & freckles|
|Bhatti Pakistanis, another inbreeding-derived albinos I mentioned above|
(So where did present-day ‘white’ Europeans originally come from? From what I can tell it seems to be north/ central Asia, which kind of links in with my albino hypothesis again)
However, as with all people on Earth Europeans aren’t all the same. One of the main divisions is in skin colour – those from north, west & east Europe tend to be lighter skinned with a higher prevalence of light hair & light eyes. Some have so little melanin they don’t even tan in the sun, they just burn, especially gingers so I’ve heard. These ones are sometimes known as xanthochroi (yellow-skins). Those from the southern parts (ie. Mediterranean, like Greeks, Italians, Spanish, Portuguese and arguably southern France) tend to have relatively darker/ browner skin that tans more strongly, with a higher prevalence of dark hair & dark eyes. They are sometimes referred to as melanochroi (black-skins), but obviously this is a misnomer.
There are other ways to subdivide Europeans. Wikipedia lists them as below. Note: these are technically linguistic terms but they are generally interchangeable with ethnic/ superethnic groups:
Mongolics – only the Kalmyks are in this group. They’re Mongols living in Russia, originally coming from Dzungaria in northwest China in 1607. Their ancient grazing lands are located in parts of China, Russia, Mongolia & Kazakhstan.
|Portrait of Kalmyk girl Annushka by Ivan Argunov, 1767|
Basques – though they look like other ‘white’ people, their language (Basque) is totally unrelated to the Indo-European languages that surround them, thus it’s often believed Basques are survivors of some kind of pre-Indo-European population/culture – Neanderthals according to some! The Basques live in an area known as Euskal Herria (Basque Country) in the western Pyrenees on the border between France & Spain. This country is effectively split into 2 parts – northern (French side) & southern (Spanish side).
|Crowd of Basques waving their flag|
|Astronaut Léopold Eyharts, ethnically Basque,born in the northern Basque Country|
Semitics – this is purely a linguistic term. For demographics it’s better to call these people European (Ashkenazi & Sephardi) Jews. They’re not proper Semites; Semites are people descended from native speakers of Semitic languages, which is a branch of the Afroasiatic language family. Though many do know Hebrew which is a Semitic language, most if not all of them are descendants of European converts to Judaism (Ashkenazim from Germany & Russia; Sephardim from Spain), having known of it either from the Roman empire’s last days (when the original Semitic Jews fled to other parts of the world) or the days of al-Andalus (Islamic Spain, in which Christians & Jews roamed freely) or both. This group also encompasses the Maltese who originally came from Sicily, an island in the Mediterranean sea & now a territory of Italy.
|Ashkenazim, Jews of pretty much exclusively west European descent|
Northern Caucasians – this further subdivides into northeast and northwest types, and are considered distinct from Kartvelians (southern Caucasians – Georgians, Zans & Svans). Speakers of this language group mainly reside in north Caucasus, needless to say, & Turkey. Despite the high-flying antics of American government censuses, Caucasians are not synonymous with ‘white’ people. Caucasians are their own people, and north Caucasians particularly are specific ethnicities – Abkhazians, Noxçiy (Chechens, who are ethnically mixed between European & Middle Easterner), Khwarshis, Hunzibs, Andis & many others.
|Chechen president Ramzan Kadyrov & supporters|
Finno-Ugrics – this includes Finns, Hungarians, Estonians & Mordvins. Just like Basque, the Finno-Ugric languages aren’t related to the prevalent Indo-European languages. Instead they’re a branch of the Uralic family, whose homeland Urheimat is presently believed to be in the vicinity of the Ural mountains.
|Estonian TV host, film producer, journalist and novelist Kadri Kõusaar|
Turkics – this includes Turks, Azerbaijanis, Tatars, Kazakhs, Chuvash, Crimeans & others. These people (specifically Turks) have had one of the largest influences on the Islamic empire and the spread of Islam in history.
|Turkish supermodel Azra Akin|
Indo-europeans – by far the largest group. This includes Slavs (Czechs, Serbs, Russians, Poles, Croats, etc), Latins (French & the closely related Occitans & Provencals, Spanish, Portuguese, Italians, Romanians, etc, so called because all their languages are descended from Latin), Germanics (Germans, English, Dutch, Scandinavians, etc), Greeks, Armenians, Indo-Iranians (Romanis, Ossetians & Tats), Albanians, Baltics and Celtics (Irish, Scots, Welsh & others!). Out of these groups it’s the Latins & Germanics who’ve had most influence on the rest of the world over the past 5 centuries. For example, it’s specifically because of Germanics that we have a very new belief that religion & science fundamentally oppose each other, and Europe as a whole has a greater history of internal religious intolerance & conflict than anywhere else in the world!
|Cymry (Welsh) professional wrestler Mason Ryan,real name Barri Griffiths. This skin tone iswhat ‘whites’ often call tanned/ dark (for them)|
|Muslim public speakerHamzaTzortzis. I admit,whenI first met him I thought he was Pakistanibut he’s actually Greek and used to be an atheist!|
|Red-haired Irish girl. Though it’s true Scotshavethe highest proportion ofredheads on Earth,it’s also common among Brits (Irish, Welsh and English) & Ashkenazi Jews|
|Despite present-day usage, Gypsies are a specific ethnic group -Romanis, who came to Europe from India about 1000 years ago|
And these are just modern Europeans! Ancients were quite different, eg. the “negroid”/ “capoid” Grimaldi man of paleolithic Italy, the barely-known Pelasgoi/ Pelasgians of pre-Hellenic Greece, Silures (whom the Roman historian Tacitus assumed to be from Spain due to their swarthy skin & curly hair) of ancient Britain, Heruli of Scandinavia, Normans & Franks of France, Vikings of Scandinavia, ancient Anatolians, Etruscans of ancient Italy, Colchians, Scottish/ Welsh/ Irish Celts (who are believed by John Beddoe to be descendants of the “Africanoid” Cro-Magnons), Minoans of Crete, Mycenaean Greeks, Russian Kostenki man, and many many others.
We currently live in a global system of ‘white’ European rule, which I personally think was started by the TAST (trans-Atlantic slave trade) just over 500 years ago. Sometime within that period, specifically the 17th & 18th centuries, the European slavers & colonisers (who came from different countries: England, Scotland, Ireland, Spain, France, Portugal, Holland & Italy at least), as well as their supporters in government & academia, became obsessed with claiming the world’s history as theirs. That’s why even today ancient Egyptians & Jesus are believed by many to have been ‘white’ despite all contrary evidence. The ancient Greeks are likewise believed to be ‘white’ and are often called the origin of European civilisation, even though western Europe (not Europe as a whole) got much of its culture from invading Romans who in turn copied most of their culture (but not language) from Greeks, and Greeks certainly didn’t call themselves ‘white’. When they ever described themselves they called themselves olive, a kind of light/ medium brown (see picture below). Furthermore, a conveniently ignored fact is that Greeks were greatly influenced by ancient Egyptian culture & philosophy AND ADMITTED IT. Greek historian Herodotus said the Egyptians’ dark skin & woolly hair made them identical to Ethiopians, and ancient Greeks in general seemed to think ‘white’ skin was womanly and/or symbolic of cowardice.
|*Bearing these Greeks (and Hamza Tzortzis) in mind,it’s easier to see why ancient Greeks didn’t see themselves as ‘white’|