This is Part 5 of The 7 Personality Types summarised. As explained there, this post will explain the integration role in detail. Since there’s only one integration role, I will add an extra part: a summary of typical ways primary & secondary roles influence and interact with each other.
The defining trait of these people is their craving for knowledge and truth. Needless to say, the philosophical perspective comes very easily to them. They also love sharing their knowledge (ironic, considering their typical desire to stay out of the spotlight) whether as trainers, teachers, writers or just chatting in normal conversation. Their ability to understand complex subjects in depth is astounding enough, but their ability to interpret, simplify and explain them to others is even more so.
WORD OF WARNING: Don’t ever try to tell them about “you know too much” or “ignorance is bliss,” they will ignore/ ridicule you and carry on.
Their love of truth & facts means they’re usually the first to notice when people are trying to bullshit them – and the first to call it out. For this reason they’re often at loggerheads with sages, the masters of duplicity. Better than anyone else they understand what Puttick calls “the fallacy of the absolute statement.” Thus it’ll be hard to hear scholars use words like can’t, must, mustn’t, impossible, should, shouldn’t, certain, always, never, etc. They tend to speak more in terms of probability (can, potentially, maybe, unlikely, not advised, usually, often, almost, approximately, tend to, near enough, almost, etc.) and pepper their sentences with a lot of caveats (except, unless, however, apart from, on the other hand, not necessarily, etc.). It may also manifest as a refusal to make promises. But if they believe they have enough evidence to justify a strong opinion, you’d better believe they’re not joking around!
Scholars make up around 15% of the human population. Because of their unique position as the neutral role, scholars can be mistaken for anyone else. Additionally, they’re the most mentally adaptable and easily absorb impressions from their surroundings (e.g. friends, family, work, religion, culture), so can behave like any other role. This plus their neutrality makes them difficult to identify, or even notice in a crowd. Their seriousness often gets them mistaken for warriors, especially if they’re physically active, but if talking about their favourite topics you’ll see them become more lively. Some typical signs include high foreheads (so the “egghead” label has some truth to it!), thoughtful expression and kind soft eyes. They can appear a bit androgynous, but male scholars love their beards. Female scholars are not typical girly girls at all, rarely if ever giggling and sobbing. Scholars prefer to dress plainly, with block colours rather than patterns (especially dark colours), but they do like to dress for the occasion.
One of the scholars’ biggest giveaways is their love of collecting stuff, especially books. They’ll typically have stacks and stacks in their homes. Like mine. Otherwise, if you’re finding it hard to know a person’s personality they’re most likely a scholar. Not only that, they like to speak with truth and accuracy, and even if they’re good at public speaking they’re bad at improvising. If you see them in a speech or lecture audience, they’ll usually be taking lots of notes. They do have a sense of humour but their straight faces and absence of warning means jokes can often go totally unrecognised, but the jokes they do best are world-wearied and ironic. However, they dislike talking about themselves especially at first, and positively hate vague talk. If you’re gonna talk, talk clearly and say precisely what you mean!
Despite what most people might understand, scholars are the specialists at creating new ideologies, philosophies and religions. Priests, on the other hand, are the ones who get followers for them – whether they want followers or not. Hence my assertion that all religions change over time. Also despite the brain-vs.-brawn cliché, scholars love keeping themselves physically fit and have strong constitutions like kings and warriors*. They have the greatest stamina & hardiness of all roles, even more than warriors, which is necessary for the often draining task of wading through mountains of research papers. Or in the case of more outdoorsy types, trekking through deserts, snowstorms and rockslides to watch a previously unknown plant bloom. They have well above-average attention spans and memories, so ADD/ADHD are near enough non-existent. Unfortunately the stereotype of the unsociable nerd is largely true (if they’re more ordinal than cardinal), but Scholars don’t like being stuck in one place or only doing one thing. Like artisans they have a wide range of careers, hobbies and interests, and love broadening their range of experiences with new things.
* However, they can get carried away with their research and neglect their bodies, which will affect their posture over time.
The downside to their really good memories is they find it very hard to “let go” of old traumas. These can manifest as otherwise unexplained aches and pains in their bodies. Yes their bodies literally hold onto the pain.
They prefer living where knowledge is valued rather than superstition and blind obedience to authority, which means liberal scientifically-oriented cultures are their homes. As such they may clash with authority figures, even be branded heretics or unbelievers in conservative religious communities. Their desire for truth is absolute, even if it means putting their life in danger, and are not well-known for backing down. However, it may take them long to reach that point where they’re sure enough of their beliefs to go public with them!
At the rule-bound & competing perspectives scholars get their knowledge second-hand (i.e. from books, websites, media, classrooms) and make a living from teaching it. At the philosophical & relationship perspectives they realise that you can’t truly know what you don’t experience. For this reason they may completely reject the common view of hunter-gatherers and actually go and live with hunter-gatherers.
Similar to kings, scholars are very good at knowing what they like and don’t like. Their neutrality makes them excellent diplomats, moderators, facilitators and gatekeepers. They’re often found on the cutting edge of scientific fields, medicine, law, publishing, media, think tanks, IT, mechanics, electrics & plumbing, archaeology, palaeontology, geology, zoology and exploration. They also thrive as librarians, registrars, historians, curators, accountants, bookkeepers, critics, reviewers, journalists, professional writers (because like Sages they love language and using words creatively) and spies (because they blend into the background easily). In the business world scholars are crucial, as no business can work without a reliable source of information and bridge between the different sectors. They also enjoy being in nature, both to relax and as another subject to study, and are usually good with animals because their neutrality makes them non-threatening. This means they also make good zookeepers, vets & animal trainers. Paradoxically scholars are just as connected to the future as to the past, so they also make excellent climatologists, futurologists, financial analysts and trendspotters! Admittedly leadership is not their strong point (unless they have a competing perspective), as they like to think intelligence, capability and a good track record should be enough to get ahead. On top of that, even if they’re the best placed to solve problems they tend to miss out on opportunities because they’re too busy working out the pros and cons of speaking out. This can make them prone to being overlooked, undervalued or bullied. This means they typically have to work on their assertiveness and decisiveness.
For all their intelligence in other arenas, romance stumps them! The Talmud advises scholar men seeking marriage to take an idiot to help them. Good advice, as “idiots” are often more savvy and world-wise than scholars! Without this kind of advice, scholars are often confused by the realm of sexual attraction and end up with blatantly bad matches. Also, while they’re just as emotional as anyone else they don’t like feeling forced to express it – especially in public, which may make them seem heartless and boring and subsequently ignored.On the other hand, sometimes their passionlessness gets them lots of attention, as more extroverted types see them as cool and mysterious! Even if they’re not skilled at love they’re willing to learn, and with a bit of effort and time make awesome lovers. Interestingly, scholars get on very well with warriors in most respects, including love. The best match-up, though, is with another scholar, and their mutual sincerity makes for the best long-term relationships and marriages.
As parents they can be detached and reclusive (in the negative pole), and treat their offspring more like students in a classroom. However, they can also be intensely curious about their kids’ mental development, helping with homework and not being frustrated by that one little question of “Why?” They’re good at avoiding favouritism and taking kids out to events. As children scholars talk early, in full grammatically-correct sentences. When young they love parents reading to them, but when old enough to read for themselves they will. They can also get “addicted” to computers so it’s important to get them doing stuff outdoors early. At school they usually do very well, but have an astounding ability to do complete shit at subjects they don’t like or where the teacher was shit! In their teens and especially with a competing perspective, Scholars shoot through top universities and don’t let themselves get distracted. With a philosophical perspective, they’re more likely to go to uni because they genuinely want to, or just forsake higher education as too predictable and mainstream.
Their positive pole is knowledge. The negative pole is theory. This is where they get too tired or lazy to research things properly and just accept what a book/ website/ newspaper article says. This makes them narrow minded, opinionated, pedantic, bogged down with details and unable to appreciate spontaneity. They talk just for the sake of showing off their knowledge rather than increase understanding. They can become arrogant and manipulative, taking credit for other people’s input. They become so obsessed with details and ideas, specialising so much they end up “knowing everything about nothing.” At the philosophical and relationship perspectives it isn’t as bad but makes them prone to standing on the sidelines, not participating in everyday life and not taking action. And they find it hard to accept compliments, seeing them as exaggerations and therefore not true.
To overcome the negative pole, they would do well being more like warriors – i.e. “getting shit done!!!” or being mentored by warriors. Instead of mulling over the pros and cons of a proposition, just choose a side and run with it! And if it’s wrong, just change sides. Furthermore, all roles need a break from society once in a while, but since scholars do this so well anyway it’s more beneficial for them to get involved with other people – including the hullapalooza of emotions. At the relationship perspective they crave understanding of deeper meanings and connection between things, and are positioned to be receivers & dispensers of genuinely transformative revelatory knowledge.
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So how do the roles interact with each other within one and the same person?
Disclaimer: I ‘ve condensed the list to save space. Where Puttick lists Artisan-King & King-Artisan separately, for example, I make them synonymous. In most respects they are the same anyway, the only difference being which is the primary and which is the secondary role.
They’re much more talkative, flamboyant and wittier than typical Artisans, and it shows in their art. It will be humorous and witty, and they make brilliant cartoonists. The performing arts and multimedia are another of their strengths. Typical of Sages, they’re also lots of fun to be around and love holding huge events to invite lots of people to. However, they can be very ungrounded in reality and struggle with everyday routine tasks due to the Artisan’s love of chaos combined with the Sage’s belief in situational truth. They also have the most high-intensity but least intimate relationships. They often have several career paths and interests, due to the Artisan’s love of chaos and novelty.
Many men consider this combo the ideal girlfriend/wife, but men of this personality are also highly sought. They like their art to serve others in some way, and have a very good eye for aesthetically pleasing home decor. Not just their house, their clothes, behaviour and mode of speech will all carry a noticeable twinge of beauty – though they prefer sewing, gardening or cooking to cleaning. Their animism and chattiness make them very popular as colleagues and friends, and they’re more fashion-conscious and stylish than the typical Server.
These kind of people tend to express their art through spiritually/ religiously significant channels.
They love creating as well as participating in rituals and ceremonies, even if not religious. It’s likely they’re putting on charity events or collecting donations too, in accordance with the Priestly yearning for a higher purpose. However, just like Artisan-Sages they can be very ungrounded (though this time because of the Priestly ‘hatred’ of the material world) and would benefit greatly from doing physical exercise to reattach them to their bodies.
This is tricky to handle. These two roles are very mutually opposed so integrating them is difficult, requiring a lot of attention and practice. They’re much more aggressive, even intimidating, than typical Artisans. Luckily they’re more comfortable in their bodies than most Artisans, and more able to deal with critics and naysayers. Puttick also claims they make good aromatherapists, as their artisan sensitivity primes them to picking up the subtle scents of plants and noticing their effects on the body. Note: one trait these roles share is sensitivity to criticism so be careful how you do this, especially if they’re more Warrior than Artisan!
Another tricky combination to integrate, but if done well they can make for astoundingly good artists. Authoritativeness plus long-term vision of the King makes them well equipped for large-scale projects, and they can handle responsibilities and critics a lot better than the average Artisan. They can be film directors, restaurant franchise owners, fashion designer gurus, or even architects designing a whole city from scratch! However, the combination of artisan sensitivity and kingly sense of dignity means you’d best do your best not to insult them!
This is another difficult personality to have, since the roles are naturally quite opposite. However, it works well for inventors, IT people, mechanics, software designers, engineers and the sciences. They like to study something then do something creative with it. Science and arts are equally appealing so they may struggle to decide which to go for. They’re more sensitive and fashion-conscious than the average scholar, and are renowned for combining technical skill with practicality.
With this role combo, Sages are gentler, quieter and handle intimate relationships a lot more easily than normal. They also take domestic responsibilities and duties more seriously, thus making their partners happier. The Sage influence makes them more expressive and quick on the tongue than normal Servers. They make for very good psychotherapists, as well as overall friends (since both roles are attuned to friendliness). When you show appreciation for what they’ve done, they need it to be big, loud and dramatic!
These make for the most charismatic people, and their art tends to have a very spiritual/ out-of-this-world feel. They are excellent at PR and promotion. As actors they prefer playing overtly religious or spiritual roles, or otherwise any role that gets a message across to audiences. They make awesome orators, drawing in crowds from near and far, and like their talk to be used to service a humanitarian cause of some kind. They may have problems deciding between the pulpit and the stage as the better platform. Instead of just being witty for its own sake, these Sages will be witty for the sake of a greater good or for moral enlightenment. However, they also make for very successful con artists if they put their mind to it! Because of both roles being cardinal, these people will need to work on their interpersonal skills and tolerance for lengthy one-to-one interactions, including romantic relationships.
These kind of people often prefer expressing themselves through movement than words, e.g. acting, dance, athletics.
Stand-up comedy, political & tabloid journalism really become them too, and they make seriously fun parents. They’re very good at looking after their bodies, but if too far on the indulgent side they may like their drink a bit too much. This is among the sexiest role combinations, thanks to the Warrior’s physical energy & libido and Sage’s seduction skills. They’re very faithful to their significant others (thanks to the Warrior influence), but will expect that loyalty to be mutual – or else.
One of the most cardinal combinations, so these people are attracted to the big stages in life – politics being one of the best examples. Others take them more seriously and defer to them a lot more than the average Sage, and they’re well positioned for power & authority. Working in the media, they’re much more likely to be directors and producers than solo performers, and as writers they gain much recognition and respect.
These make for astounding writers, especially for philosophical works. They also make excellent journalists, being able to process data, facts and research much more easily than a normal Sage. They also excel as workshop leaders, public speakers, teachers and radio DJs (!!!). Even in academia they’re more entertaining and accessible to mainstream audiences than the typical Scholar, even to the point of inserting puns in their research papers! They’re good at satire and have a sharp wit. The Sage role makes them friendlier and more sociable & popular than normal Scholars (as well as easier for them to attract partners), and likewise the Scholar side makes them more able to stay with spouses and children for the long term.
Their inspiration shows more strongly and they’re more confident with speaking in public than normal Servers, thanks to the Priest’s cardinal axis. Likewise, the Server influence gives them an edge in interpersonal encounters and greater tolerance for mundane tasks. They’ll also get on in teams a lot better and be less driven to lead. Jobs which promote a service ethos are highly attractive to them, as are those with a spiritual/ religious aim. In the negative pole they’re especially dangerous because they bear the manipulative and controlling tendencies of both roles, but in the positive pole everyone loves and gets blessed by their presence.
Integrating these roles is a challenge as their energies are pretty different. However, they have great stamina for hard work, are very active & practical, and are very achievement-focused. In intimate relationships they’re very loyal and liable to standing up for their man or woman. Corporate environments are very conducive to them. They may struggle with the Warrior’s aggression and in-your-face manner, especially when pissed off, but they are a great asset to any company.
This might sound like an oxymoron, but Puttick argues that Kings ultimately lead in order to serve. In this role combo that is particularly emphasised. It’s the best way to be as a leader in a democratic society in fact, Kingly leadership & perfectionism combined with Server interpersonal skills & control over situations. They’re much less likely than normal servers to be bullied or ignored, and much less likely than normal kings to be bewildered by emotional dramas. Such people may struggle to identify both sides, and may find their server side overrides their kingly desire to push ahead as much as they think they should. However, once both roles are identified and reconciled things go pretty smoothly.
In school they excel, because they both understand the subjects and are unlikely to rebel against the syllabus. In the workplace they can master pretty much any job requiring a combo of admin and interpersonal skills. They are awesome as librarians, pharmacists and teachers, very patient with slow learners, geniuses and everyone in between. Fairly obviously, if they go into a medical field they want to ensure it’s evidence-backed, such as herbalism, nutritional therapy, physiotherapy, etc. As lovers/ spouses they provide great intellectual stimulation as well as emotional comfort. In academia their Server interpersonal skills see them promoted higher and faster than more inhibited Scholars!
Very good leaders, especially in business and the army. They make terrifying interrogators, believing that the world is made of good, evil and nothing else.
Religious warriors (mujahidiyn, Crusaders, Shaolin monks) are very prone to having this personality. The Priest’s zeal combined with the Warrior’s concern for boundaries make them somewhat fanatical. However, they are well tuned to achieving a helluva lot, plus their Warrior earthliness offsets the Priestly fear of animals. They make for very good doctors and healers, since they care about the body as well as the soul. As missionaries they’re very effective, and they’re very good at getting past obstacles, criticisms and resistance. If they set up an enterprise it’s likely to last.
This is by far the most cardinal of all personalities. They’ll be extremely driven to and successful at becoming leaders, and have a huge impact on the world around them whatever they do and wherever they are. Phenomenally inspiring, but can make the most tyrannical and oppressive bosses in the competing perspective. What they say goes. Unfortunately their families are unlikely to see much of them as they’re always out in the public eye. Nevertheless, in the positive pole such people are the most motivating leaders and will attract massive crowds to support their cause.
The Scholarly desire for options & evidence will ensure these guys don’t get too fanatical or dogmatic with their beliefs. They’ll demand proof of the goodness of a position before they adopt it. They might be a bit prone to indoctrinating their students, but this can be sorted out with a bit of self-awareness. Jobs that suit these people well are writing, medicine, law, academia, theology, teaching, business, workshop leadership, public speaking, politics and motivational training. It’s important for them to study something they enjoy and gain inspiration from, not just something they can remember a lot of information from. Once that’s found they easily move from Scholarly neutrality and distance to engaging with people in the “real world”. Topics they may enjoy include theology, religion, philosophy, sociology and metaphysics. Getting on uncharacteristically well with Priests and Servers, they provide an ideological framework (read: religion) for Priests to operate in – or trash the current one if it’s too vague and wrong. They may like to live the monastic life, having a little personal space to study and think as well as pray. Not only will they inspire others, they find it easier than normal to receive inspiration from others. Perhaps surprisingly, the Scholarly side also makes them better at connecting with people emotionally, intellectually and personally than the average Priest!
This is the most action-oriented role out there. They’re tough in mind and in body, rising quickly to the top of any organisation (especially military and political ones, but also sports and sports coaching). Loyalty is very important to them, so they’ll need someone willing to stick with them for the long-term. Luckily, the Warrior influence means they’ll reciprocate that loyalty very easily (so unlike a typical King they won’t be flitting around to other men or women!). The partner will also have to be willing to be the subordinate all the time, as these people are so authoritative and powerful. Unfortunately these people have something of a lust for fights and conflict – and very good at winning. They won’t necessarily know they’re being overbearing, but they do expect and respect people who stand up to them. If you’re their employee, just ask for a promotion and/or a raise with unwavering confidence and you’re pretty likely to get it.
These two roles are very compatible (as I said above). Though they like academia, they get more out of fieldwork than sitting in a library. They’re among the best teachers, ensuring their students are well-behaved and get good exam results. As spouses and parents they’re dependable and good at staying for the long haul through thick and thin, and they’re much less likely than typical Warriors to go on a rampage when they’re annoyed or upset. Good careers for them include teaching, consultancy, sports, sports coaching, military, police, detective/ intelligence work, business admin, engineering, geology, archaeology and exploring. Setting up a business will be much easier than for a normal scholar, and they care about making their knowledge useful and practical in daily life. Their intimate relationships are also more active, passionate and enjoyable.
This is a very good personality for combining knowledge and action, and thy’re very good at attaining leadership positions. Even women working in a mostly-male environment get far with this. They make excellent lawmakers, judges, headteachers, government scientists, economists, politicians and heads of department in academia. They’re not well-known for emotional intimacy or interpersonal skills, even as spouses or parents, but with a supportive partner they can learn easily. They’re also amazing as negotiators, combining the Scholarly integration axis with the Kingly authority and leadership skill. They’re well-set for changing the zeitgeist, combining the King’s desire for usefulness and long-sightedness with the Scholar’s urge for options and connecting with people intellectually.