Tag Archives: uncommon knowledge

Ice, water, vapour & what?!?

Once again science is amazing. A few weeks ago I happened upon this concept, and being the type who gets fascinated by uncommon knowledge, I’m going to share it.

In school everyone is taught about the 3 phases of matter: liquid, gas & solid. As far as most people are concerned that’s it, nothing else. However, it’s not quite as straightforward as that. Gels, for example, are liquid but behave like solids. Plasma is considered a separate phase altogether because it’s ionised (contains electrically-charged particles, aka. ions) and reacts to electromagnetic fields, unlike normal gases.

However, I’m not talking about gels or plasma. I’m talking about…

Probably the most underrated molecule on the planet…

…until it does this (Note: I did not make this picture)

WATER!!!

Water has 3 phases: solid (ice), gas (vapour), and liquid (water). However, Dr Gerald Pollack, PhD, has authored a book called The Fourth Phase of Water, which talks about a 4th phase. It’s an intermediate phase known as EZ water, structured water or living water. It has different properties to normal water:

  • Its chemical formula is not H2O, but H3O2
  • It has a negative electric charge
  • It’s alkaline and more viscous
  • It maintains a structure, and this structure is designed to prevent other molecules from entering its location (hence why it’s called EZ, or exclusion zone, water)

And he knows what he’s talking about. Not only has he authored that book, he also is the editor-in-chief and founder of the journal Water, has written many peer-reviewed papers on the topic, and is a professor of bioengineering at the University of Washington.

Gerald Pollack

Because of the negative charge it acts much like a battery, able to store and dispense energy to living creatures. And before you bug your nearest Tesco or Holland & Barrett for news on where to find it, it’s actually pretty much ubiquitous. In fact, it’s the MAIN form of water in living organisms’ cells (most of them) and in extracellular fluid. It’s what gives the cell membranes their negative charge (according to Dr Pollack), and it’s involved in just about every single metabolic process in the body! Yet almost no-one knows about it, including most doctors, physicists, lab scientists and science teachers!

How does it get there? It actually converts from normal H2O under the influence of… light. Yes, light! This makes it ridiculously easy to obtain! Although all wavelengths have this effect, the most powerful ones are the infrared (IR) range, especially at a wavelength of 3 micrometres. And this is all around us, therefore easy to obtain.

Not only that, it’s an intermediate form between ice and liquid water. This means that even when we melt ice or freeze water, it has to change into H3O2 first. This probably explains the paradox of why you can have any given amount of water and end up with more after melting or freezing it, because in the intermediate state it builds up layers of the molecules (assuming the IR light is present). This occurs in the lab and in the natural outdoors, which explains why many people report glacial water as being so refreshing.

I said glacial water, numbnuts!

SOURCES:

(ALSO AVAILABLE AT http://fleecyheadmilagrero.blogspot.co.uk/2013/10/ice-water-vapour-what.html)
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(Disclaimer: I don’t know how strongly related these articles are, I just thought they may make interesting further reading)

Original names of Caribbean islands!

As it’s Black History Month, this post may be of interest to fellow Frocaribs (Afro-Caribbeans). True, it’s not directly related to us but I feel it’s a good bit of knowledge nonetheless…

 

From my experience most people are totally ignorant of the Caribbean (aka. West Indies/ Windies/ Antilles). I find that most people, especially South Asians, assume because it’s mostly populated by ‘black’ people that makes the Caribbean part of Africa. I also find they think the Caribbean is one country.

 

Geography 101: the Caribbean is nowhere near Africa; in fact it’s on the opposite side of the planet! That’s how far we were kidnapped during the TAST. It’s a group of islands, technically part of the American continent between the USA (North) and South America (South). But many of us won’t admit that because we don’t like being associated with Americans.

 

 

 

Or rather we didn’t, but nowadays mainstream American culture is becoming more and more accepted on the islands. You see it in the clothes, the music choices, and especially the food. Caribbeans’ obesity & diabetes rates are now pretty similar to those in the USA!

 

But that’s now. Back in pre-European days the natives had their own names for the individual islands, some of which are listed below along with origin language & meaning:

 

Jamaica – Xyamaca/ Xaymaca (Arawak & Taino; Land of Wood & Water/ Land of Springs)

 

Haiti – Ayti (Taino; Mountainous Land)

 

Tobago – Tobago (Kalinago; Tobacco Pipe)

 

Canouan – Cannouan (Kalinago; Island of Turtles)

 

Carriacou – Kayryouacou (Kalinago; Island of Reefs)

 

Martinique – Madinina (Kalinago; Land of Flowers)

 

 

Example of native Caribbean – Carib man from St Lucia

 

 

Examples of native Caribbeans – Tainos from Puerto Rico

 

[Note: so far I’ve only listed the islands whose current names sound similar to their originals. Now I’m going to list others whose native names are completely different]

 

Saint Kitts – Liamuiga (Kalinago; Fertile Land)

 

Nevis – Oualie (Kalinago; Land of Beautiful Water)

 

Montserrat – Alliouagana (Kalinago; Land of Prickly Bush)

 

Antigua – Waladli (Kalinago; Land of Fish Oil)

 

Barbuda – Wa’omoni (Kalinago; meaning unknown)

 

Barbados – Ichirouganaim (Arawak; Red Land/ Island with White Teeth)

 

Dominican Republic – Kiskeya/ Quisqueya (Taino; Highest Land)

 

Saint Lucia – Hiwanarau/ Hewanorra (Kalinago; Land of the Iguana)

 

Trinidad – Kairi/ Lele (Kalinago; Land of the Hummingbird)

 

Saint Vincent – Hairoun (Kalinago; Land of the Blessed)

 

Anguilla – Malliouhana (Arawak; Arrow-shaped Sea Serpent)

 

 

Garinagu (plural of Garifuna) people in Dominica. Garinagu are a mixture of the native Caribbeans & the African abductees

 

I’ll continue to update this list as and when I find more names.